Randomness Wikipedia

Randomness test - Wikipedia.

A randomness test (or test for randomness), in data evaluation, is a test used to analyze the distribution of a set of data to see if it can be described as random (patternless). In stochastic modeling, as in some computer simulations, the hoped-for randomness of potential input data can be verified, by a formal test for randomness, to show that the data are valid for use in ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Randomness_test.

Pseudorandomness - Wikipedia.

Background. The generation of random numbers has many uses, such as for random sampling, Monte Carlo methods, board games, or gambling.In physics, however, most processes, such as gravitational acceleration, are deterministic, meaning that they always produce the same outcome from the same starting point.Some notable exceptions are radioactive decay and quantum ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pseudorandomness.